The Journey of Robotic Mower—from Basic Autonomy to AI-Powered

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The robotic mowers industry continues to emerge as a hotbed of innovation. It explores the evolution and technological shifts that have occurred over time, highlighting the breakthroughs that have shaped the development of robotic mowers. In this article, we are going to discuss the 3 different generations of robotic mowers and their technological leaps.

First Generation: basic robotic mowers where boundary wire is needed--  

The perimeter wire function is to communicate to the robotic mower where your lawn boundaries are. The charging station sends a weak current through the wire, which creates a magnetic field. The robotic mower can detect this weak field with special sensors. If it comes too close to the cable, its sensors will tell the robot to turn back. These mowers were relatively simple in functionality and had less advanced features compared to later generations.

Here are some popular robotic mowers that require a boundary wire for operation, Husqvarna Automower 450X and 310, Landroid WR140 and WR150, Robomow RS622 and RS630, Gardena Sileno Life 750 and Sileno City 250, etc.

Here are some Pros and cons of Boundary Wire Robotic Mowers,




  • Second Generation: improved navigation with the help of the RTK system—


The second generation of robotic mowers, introduced in the 2010s, saw significant advancements in RTK base gps navigation. Real-Time Kinematic (RTK) algorithms provide centimeter-level accuracy and allow for multiple zones and routes. They utilized GPS and advanced sensors to map the mowing area and create virtual boundaries, eliminating the need for a perimeter wire. One of its technology allows users to simply walk the perimeter of a lawn once to set a virtual boundary.

Here are some RTK GPS navigated robotic mowers, RoboUP, Luba AWD, Ambrogio L400i Deluxe, Husqvarna Automower 450X, Terra t7, Segway Navimow, Husquvarna NERA, etc.

Here are some Pros and cons of GPS navigated Robotic Mowers,




  • Third Generation: AI-enhanced vision mowers—


This generation of robotic mowers represents the latest advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) technology. They gather information about the world through their eye, a high dynamic range, full HD, wide-angle AI camera the gift of sight. By that sight, they can avoid obstacles, such as pets or children, and adjust their mowing patterns accordingly. They have advanced features like a combination of smart home systems and voice assistants, allowing users to control and schedule mowing using voice commands from their smartphone apps. 

Just set them on any lawn, push the button, and watch it do its thing. No boundary wire, no antenna, no hassle.

Here is some advanced AI-empowered robotic mower, Worx Landroid vision, Congo AI autonomous mower, Stiga AGS, etc. 

Here are some Pros and cons of AI-powered vision Robotic Mowers,



In this above article, we like to give our reader a quick look at different generations of robotic mowers and their pros and cons. Every mower has its own speciality and its drawbacks. You can try out any type of mower that will be suitable for your lawn.